Friday, July 11, 2014

Causes And Treatments For Breast Cancer - Health - Cancer

A tumor is the name of a swelling or injury formed by unusual escalation of cells (called neoplastic).Tumor is not synonymous with cancer. A tumor can be benign, premalignant or malignant, whereas cancer is malignant by definition.Breast cancer begins in breast tissue, which consists of glands for milk production, called lobules and ducts that connect lobules to the nipple. The rest of the breast is made up of fatty, connective and lymphatic system.

CAUSES OF BREAST CANCER: The accurate reason of it is mysterious still and there are no definite reasons for it. Below are some of the reasons why is it happens: Age: The possibility of breast cancer depends largely on age, as the person gets older the probabilities of it becomes more and more. Inheritance: Family history of a close relative such as mother, sister and daughter has been diagnosed with breast cancer increases the threat issue. Early Menses or Menopause: Early menses or menopause may be one of the causes. Radioactivity: Exposure to radioactive rays may boost the probability of breast cancer. Hormone Replacement Therapy: Hormone replacement therapy might also be the reason. Exposure to Harmful Chemicals: Working in a chemical factory that uses harmful chemicals like Organochlorines. Nullyparity or Late childbearing: Nullyparity or Late childbearing is another major reason for breast cancer.

TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER:Deciding on treatment of breast cancer for the patient and her doctor, after considering the optimal treatment for the cancer stage, patient age and preferences, and the risks and benefits attributed to each treatment protocol. Surgery is often combined with other treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and / or monoclonal antibody therapy.SurgeryThe main goal of breast cancer surgery is to remove the cancer of the breast and lymph nodes. In a lumpectomy, only cancerous tissue plus a rim of normal tissue retira removed.

Radiation TherapyRadiation can be used to destroy remaining cancer cells in the breast, chest wall, or underarm area after surgery or to shrink a tumor before surgery.The ability to target radiation therapy accurately has increased dramatically in recent decades has greatly diminished as a result of side effects.

Systemic Therapy:Systemic therapy includes chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Adjuvant systemic therapy is used after all visible cancer has been surgically removed to kill tumor cells that may have not detected migrated to other parts of the body.Tumor size, histology, and cancer in the axillary nodes are measured in the result to employ adjuvant systemic therapy.Those women who are suffering from advanced breast cancer systemic therapy are used. In such conditions, the removing of most cancer surgery is not possible, and therefore systemic therapies become the primary treatment modality.

Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy medications for breast cancer include Paclitaxel Doxorubicin Paraplatin Cyclophosphamide Epirubicin Gemcitabine Vincristine In India you can have cancer treatment at a very low cost compared to the western countries. There are many well experienced doctors and all most all the hospitals are equipped with advanced technology. TATA Memorial Hospital, Adya Cancer Insisitute, Apoollo Cancer Hospital etc are some of the best treatment of breast cancer hospital in India.

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