Friday, July 11, 2014

Causes And Treatments For Breast Cancer - Health - Cancer

A tumor is the name of a swelling or injury formed by unusual escalation of cells (called neoplastic).Tumor is not synonymous with cancer. A tumor can be benign, premalignant or malignant, whereas cancer is malignant by definition.Breast cancer begins in breast tissue, which consists of glands for milk production, called lobules and ducts that connect lobules to the nipple. The rest of the breast is made up of fatty, connective and lymphatic system.

CAUSES OF BREAST CANCER: The accurate reason of it is mysterious still and there are no definite reasons for it. Below are some of the reasons why is it happens: Age: The possibility of breast cancer depends largely on age, as the person gets older the probabilities of it becomes more and more. Inheritance: Family history of a close relative such as mother, sister and daughter has been diagnosed with breast cancer increases the threat issue. Early Menses or Menopause: Early menses or menopause may be one of the causes. Radioactivity: Exposure to radioactive rays may boost the probability of breast cancer. Hormone Replacement Therapy: Hormone replacement therapy might also be the reason. Exposure to Harmful Chemicals: Working in a chemical factory that uses harmful chemicals like Organochlorines. Nullyparity or Late childbearing: Nullyparity or Late childbearing is another major reason for breast cancer.

TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER:Deciding on treatment of breast cancer for the patient and her doctor, after considering the optimal treatment for the cancer stage, patient age and preferences, and the risks and benefits attributed to each treatment protocol. Surgery is often combined with other treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and / or monoclonal antibody therapy.SurgeryThe main goal of breast cancer surgery is to remove the cancer of the breast and lymph nodes. In a lumpectomy, only cancerous tissue plus a rim of normal tissue retira removed.

Radiation TherapyRadiation can be used to destroy remaining cancer cells in the breast, chest wall, or underarm area after surgery or to shrink a tumor before surgery.The ability to target radiation therapy accurately has increased dramatically in recent decades has greatly diminished as a result of side effects.

Systemic Therapy:Systemic therapy includes chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Adjuvant systemic therapy is used after all visible cancer has been surgically removed to kill tumor cells that may have not detected migrated to other parts of the body.Tumor size, histology, and cancer in the axillary nodes are measured in the result to employ adjuvant systemic therapy.Those women who are suffering from advanced breast cancer systemic therapy are used. In such conditions, the removing of most cancer surgery is not possible, and therefore systemic therapies become the primary treatment modality.

Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy medications for breast cancer include Paclitaxel Doxorubicin Paraplatin Cyclophosphamide Epirubicin Gemcitabine Vincristine In India you can have cancer treatment at a very low cost compared to the western countries. There are many well experienced doctors and all most all the hospitals are equipped with advanced technology. TATA Memorial Hospital, Adya Cancer Insisitute, Apoollo Cancer Hospital etc are some of the best treatment of breast cancer hospital in India.

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Thursday, July 10, 2014

Chi Kung Exercises for Breast Cancer Treatment and Prevention - Health - Diseases and Conditions

The most powerful tool traditional Chinese medicine has to offer for breast cancer treatment and prevention is Chi Kung, an ancient system of exercises that increases Chi (vital energy), bolsters the immune system, and unlocks the body's innate healing ability.

Practicing Chi Kung Practice the entire series of movements in the order listed at least once a day. If you have breast cancer or are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, practice twice daily. Wu Ming Meridian Therapy can lessen the side effects of these treatments by helping your body expel toxins. Do not practice for at least half an hour after eating a meal or engaging in sexual intercourse. Do not practice when you are menstruating. Try to practice at the same time each day. The hours of 11:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m. are the best times to build Qi. In addition to practicing the movements as a set, do each movement individually whenever you can, especially if you are in the later stages of breast cancer. Almost all of the movements can be done rather inconspicuously, so take advantage of every moment you can: waiting for the train, watching television, or even talking on the phone. Adapt the exercises to your own ability. If it is difficult for you to stand, for example, do the movements while seated. Similarly, movements that use both arms can be done with only one arm if the other is immobilized. Skip any movement that is impossible for you to do. Preparing for PracticeBefore you begin practicing, take a few deep breaths. Close your eyes and clear your mind -- let go of everything that is bothering you; just leave it all behind. As you practice the movements, breathe naturally. These exercises require no special breathing and no visualizations. (The principle of Wu Ming Meridian Therapy is that no technique is the best technique.) Concentrate on each movement as you do it. If your mind starts to wander, imagine that you are drawing energy from the sun, the moon, and the stars. Imagine that this energy from the universe is filling your body and destroying all cancer and illness. Do not focus on a particular organ or body part; see your whole body becoming healthier. Most importantly, take great joy in the knowledge th at you have the ability to heal yourself. The Chi you are building should be gentle, joyful, peaceful, and calm.After you learn the mechanics of each exercise,and visit slow each movement down. Remember that Wu Ming Meridian Therapy is not aerobic, nor is it designed to build muscle (although you will have more physical strength with regular practice). These are slow, gentle movements that stimulate the smooth flow of Chi through your body.

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Wednesday, July 9, 2014

A Promising Trial of Treatment for Breast Cancer- Personalized Medicine - Health - Cancer

Keiona Clark, Cancer Of The Breast Patient, states "my grandmother had cancer of the breast. So because she'd cancer of the breast which was always an emphasis for me personally. I usually checked, got regular inspections."

Despite the fact that Keiona Clark was comfortable with her cancer of the breast risk, the 37-year-old was still being shocked when she found a lump underneath her right arm.

Keiona states "it's as if you know you are likely to be ok, but simultaneously celebrate you type of accept because you might not".

Clark was identified with triple negative breast cancer, an illness that's considered to be more aggressive and fewer attentive to standard treatment. Her physician did not make her feel much better either.

Keiona states "she was like, my dear God. This is the worst kind you could have".

But rather than dwelling on her behalf cancer, Clark found hope inside a medical trial at Georgetown College Clinic.

Keiona states "I type of felt enjoy it was my duty since it runs during my family and I am always looking for a better way for those who can experience this".

The trial is known as I- spy. It's purpose us to research whether a tumor's DNA might help know what a kind of treatment patients should undergo.

Oncologist Dr. Minetta Liu is leading the study,

Dr. Liu states "it's wiser. It is the hope that people can avoid unnecessary unwanted effects from drugs that do not work also it's wishing to quicken things to find the right drug right patient."

Presently, most breast cancer patients will undergo surgery first, then chemotherapy and perhaps radiation. This trial is searching at whether using new kinds of drugs known as biologics might help shrink growths before patients find yourself getting to surgery. The kind of biologic someone will get, is dependent about the DNA within their individual tumor.

Dr. Liu states "they concentrate on the specific machinery in tumor cells with the expectation that then you've less unwanted effects, because you are really focusing on or pinpointing cancer cells."

Since April, Keiona Clark continues to be dealing with chemotherapy once per week. She's also going for a pill two times each day. The entire process leaves her feeling pretty sick. But simultaneously, doctors happen to be giving her MRI's, to allow them to monitor how her tumor is reacting towards the treatment.

Keiona states "you are able to literally begin to see the first MRI in comparison towards the second MRI and you will begin to see the difference in dimensions".

Dr. Liu states "she's were built with a phenomenal response."

Doctors say they cannot even feel Keiona's tumor any longer. They do not know whether it had been the biologic medication, or even the chemotherapy for breast cancer. In either case, everybody is thrilled using the results. Clark will still undergo a double mastectomy and radiation the following month.

Now there's about 20 different hospitals across the nation involved with this medical trial and they are dealing with about 800 patients. They hope to achieve the study completed within the next couple of years. More about women breast cancer.

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Tuesday, July 8, 2014

What Type of Chemotherapy used for Breast Cancer? - Health - Cancer

Chemotherapy is the treatment used for treating cancer by destroying the cancerous cells. It is also used for treating breast cancer. This treatment is taken either before surgery, after surgery or as a measure to stop the cancer spreading to other parts or reoccurrence of cancer.

The treatment given to the breast cancer patient is based on several factors such as the overall health of the person and the stage of breast cancer. However, there are two types of breast cancer chemotherapy used for treating it. They are Adjuvant chemotherapy and Neoadjuvant therapy.

Adjuvant chemotherapy: This type of chemotherapy is used for destroying the cancer and is a very primary form of treatment used for treating breast cancer. It is a very systematic method of treating cancer. This treatment is very useful and helps to increase survival rate of the patients affected with this cancer. There are some types of adjuvant chemotherapy also which use a combination of hormonal therapy, radiation therapy for treatment.

Neoadjuvant therapy: This is used for reducing the tumor and is usually given before primary treatment. Once the tumor is reduced using this therapy it is then surgically removed.

There are some side effects which are faced by the individual undergoing this treatment. They are diarrhea, sore mouth, hair loss, feeling sick and sore eyes. These effects are temporary and will be diminished after treatment.

You can consult a doctor to get medications which would help you to get a relief from these side effects. There are some long term side effects to this treatment as well. They are gaining weight, early menopause, affect on the heart; reduced cognitive functions and difficulty in losing the weight. Some of the long term side effects of this treatment can be life threatening.

However along with these side effects, you should also consider the fact that this treatment increases the survival rate of the patient and also the chances of reoccurrence of this cancer is reduced.

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Monday, July 7, 2014

Adjuvant Therapy Cancer in India at Mumbai affordable low cost. - Travel

Adjuvant Therapy The good news is that many of the 4 million people being treated for cancer in world will survive the disease and go on to live full and productive lives.While the numbers that survive are far too low (about 44%), many of the more than 1500 daily cancer deaths occur because patients and their families are unaware of the depth of the resources currently available. Unfortunately, some die avowing they would never resort to natural medicine, while others are interested but lack the expertise to implement the program to their best advantage. Regrettably, some turn to alternative care fairly late in the course of the disease process, weakening the probability of recovery.Mainstream medicine (relying upon surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation) may initially appear successful, but the indications of the disease process are less often addressed. Conventional cancer treatments are not for those individuals who are frail in body or spirit. For the past 30 years, canc er therapies have experienced tremendous setbacks because of an associated toxic response, resulting in significant numbers of treatment-induced deaths rather than disease-induced fatalities. Awareness regarding historic numbers of unsuccessful outcomes has forced patients to look for alternatives to bolster survival odds.

Until most recently, major medical schools granted only a few hours to nutritional education out of the hundreds of academic hours required to complete medical school.. His contribution, entitled Medical Education in the United States and Canada, closed smaller medical schools and forced those that survived to adopt a uniform curriculum that excluded nutritional courses. Thus, some physicians emerged from medical schools, scoffing at the concept of nutrition influencing health or overcoming disease.Nutritional protocols often used multiple nutrients, a difficult model to apply in clinical trials. Testing a single nutraceutical denied the patient full support of nutritional pharmacology, an injustice when treating a seriously ill patient. In addition, trials are expensive to conduct and early natural healers (by and large) did not represent an affluent subset of society.But, ever so slowly, the medical scene is being revolutionized. According to the American College for Adv ancement in Medicine, physicians (in many cases) are showing eagerness to learn more about natural medicine and how to best implement it into their practice. 4.12.Neoadjuvant Therapy is defined as treatment given to a patient to reduce tumor size before future operations or treatment procedures. such as radiation therapy. In some case, tumor size interferes with organs and prevents complete removal of a tumor. Once the tumor has shrunk in size, it can be operated on effectively. What is Cancer?Cancer is the presence of rapidly dividing cells that grow quickly and can spread to other parts of the body. These cells frequently collect to form a tumor or concentrated collection of cells. According to the National Cancer Institute, there are over 100 different types of cancer that can invade the organs of the body. Cancer can be contained within a tumor site, or it can become invasive by launching into other body organs. The term "metastasis" means the cancer has spread from the initial tumor site to a secondary site. Invasive cancer means that the rapidly dividing cancer cells have migrated to invade a nearby organ.

Neoadjuvant ChemotherapyIn some cases, a patient presents with a tumor that far exceeds a reasonable size for an immediate operation.For example, some breast cancers invade the lobules of the breast, forming quite large tumors that require major tissue removal. Some oncologists choose to target the tumor initially with chemotherapy to reduce the tumor size. Reducing the tumor size makes surgery less invasive. Neoadjuvant therapy is commonly used as an initial step to treat inflammatory breast cancer. BenefitsThe most obvious benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy lies in the reduction of tumor size. In the case of breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy can sometimes result in a lumpectomy rather than a full mastectomy. Reduction of the tumor mass and subsequently removal of less breast tissue is called breast-conservation surgery. This type of treatment plan considers both attacking the tumor aggressively and limiting necessary reconstructive surgery. Neoadjuvant chemotherap y also shows results immediately with a prescribed treatment plan. Doctors monitor tumor size closely, and evidence is immediate available of positive results with tumor reduction.

Clean MarginsDoctors also use neoadjuvant chemotherapy to address large tumors that bump into or encroach on nearby organs or tissues. When a doctor removes a tumor, he wants to allow a clean margin around the circumference of the tumor, which can be quite difficult, especially with large tumors. To obtain a clean margin, a surgeon must include some extra tissue beyond the tumor area to ensure removal of the entire tumor. Large tumors require so much removal of tissue that can be problematic for a doctor to ensure complete removal. By reducing tumor size, neoadjuvant therapy allows better success in achieving clean margins. Adjuvant ChemotherapyMost people think of chemotherapy as a cancer treatment given after an operation to remove a tumor. This standard therapy is called adjuvant therapy that means your doctor can employ chemotherapy, radiation or hormonal therapy to prevent the further spread of your cancer. he main difference between neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment s lies in the purpose of the therapy. The chemotherapy drugs might be the same but the intent is not. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy treats the tumor to shrink it while adjuvant chemotherapy treats the body after tumor removal. Adjuvant chemotherapy directly addresses the incidence of recurrence by attacking errant cancer cells within the body that might have spread during tumor growth.

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Sunday, July 6, 2014

Cancer And Chemotherapy Important Facts LR - Health

Cancer patients may have no other choice but to resort to chemotherapy in order to treat their illness. In oncology, adjuvant chemotherapy plays an important role particularly in combination with other cancer treatments. Adjuvant chemotherapy is an additional treatment given to the patient after surgery to help prevent any cancerous cells that may have not been completely removed during surgery from developing or increasing in number. The health condition is often susceptible to relapses in cancer cases, since no specialist can foresee the evolution or involution of cancer cells.

Chemical-based treatments together with radiotherapy are part of the same adjuvant chemotherapy category prescribed by doctors to stop cancer spread. Statistics indicate that about a third of the patients who have received adjuvant chemotherapy treatment have already been completely cured with the help of the surgery alone. For the less fortunate ones, the long term aim of the adjuvant chemotherapy is to increase the life extent of the sufferer.

The types of cancer in which adjuvant chemotherapy is used are quite various and here we may include colon cancer, lung, pancreatic, breast and prostate cancer as well as some forms of gynecological cancers.

Beside the adjuvant chemotherapy, there is also another type of treatment that resembles the former in name; that is, neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. The neo-variant consists in the administration of drugs in the stage preceding the anti-cancer treatment per se. For instance, neo-adjuvant chemotherapy may be prescribed to a breast-cancer patient who will have to undergo surgery for breast removal. The aim of such a type of therapy is to minimize the tumor size so that there are fewer risks and a higher rate of success in the surgical intervention.

All in all, adjuvant chemotherapy has been identified as more effective when it is prescribed after the tumor removal rather than before it because the remaining cancer cells are fewer in number and, as a result, the drug is more powerful on them. The drugs specific to this type of treatment are most efficient when they are administered directly into the blood of the patient, that is, intravenously; another way of increasing drug efficiency is to use it locally in the exact body part attacked by cancer.

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Saturday, July 5, 2014

Adjuvant therapy in india at mumbai at low price - Health

Adjuvant therapy: Extra treatment to keep cancer from returning

Understand your options before you decide whether adjuvant therapy is for you. Balance the side effects with the benefits of treatment when making your decision.

You've already had surgery to remove your tumor. But how can you be sure that some cancer cells haven't remained behind in other parts of your body?

Your doctor might suggest something called "adjuvant therapy" as a way to kill any remaining cancer cells that are too small to be seen by available tests. Adjuvant therapy is used after primary treatments, such as surgery or radiation, to decrease the chance that your cancer will recur. But the added benefit of adjuvant therapy doesn't come without a price - the side effects can be more than minor inconveniences.

Not everyone benefits from adjuvant therapy. Work with your doctor to determine if adjuvant therapy is right for you.

Types of adjuvant therapy

There are five main types of adjuvant therapy. Which adjuvant therapy is best for you is based on your type of cancer and its stage. o Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells, either by preventing them from multiplying or by causing the cells to self-destruct. Chemotherapy can reach nearly every part of your body to kill cancer cells, no matter where they may be. Adjuvant chemotherapy isn't helpful for all cancers, so talk to your doctor about whether this treatment is right for you.

Chemotherapy can be used as primary therapy or adjuvant therapy. How long you're given chemotherapy and the side effects that result will vary based on your cancer and the drugs you take. Side effects range from very mild to more severe, including nausea, vomiting and fatigue, but many people can benefit from chemotherapy.

o Hormone therapy

Some cancers are sensitive to hormones in your body. By reducing hormone production in your body or by blocking the cancer's ability to accept your hormones, hormone therapy can prevent your cancer from growing.

If you have breast, ovarian, uterine or prostate cancer, your doctor might have a lab analyze your cancer to see if it's hormone sensitive. If it is, you might benefit from hormone therapy.

Hormone therapy can be used in conjunction with surgery, radiation or chemotherapy. The side effects depend on the type of hormone therapy, but can include hot flashes, a decreased interest in sex, changes to your bones and possibly an increased risk of heart problems. Women can also experience vaginal bleeding, and men might experience impotence.

o Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-powered X-rays to kill cancer cells. Doctors recommend it as a primary treatment or as an adjuvant therapy.

Radiation therapy is given internally or externally, and it usually focuses on one area of your body. In rare circumstances, you might receive radiation therapy over your entire body. Side effects can include fatigue as well as sunburn-like burns to the skin where the radiation was focused.

o Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy attempts to influence your body's own immune system to fight off remaining cancer cells. Immunotherapy can either stimulate your body's own defenses or supplement them, for example, putting antibodies or immune cells from another person into your body.

Immunotherapy is still considered experimental. However, doctors are using it in difficult-to-treat cancers that don't respond to usual treatments, including melanoma, lymphoma and kidney cancers. Side effects can range from flu-like symptoms to water retention and weight gain. Some immunotherapy agents have serious side effects that can cause breathing difficulties and heart failure.

o Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy aims to alter specific abnormalities present within cancer cells. For example, women with a type of breast cancer that makes too much of a protein called HER2 may choose a targeted therapy drug that blocks the action of that specific protein. These medications target the specific protein, slowing the cancer's growth. More targeted therapies are under development and may one day be available for use as adjuvant therapy.

How effective is adjuvant therapy ?

Because none of these treatments is completely harmless, it's important to determine the risks of adjuvant therapy versus the benefits. The following factors can help you and your doctor determine whether adjuvant therapy is appropriate for you and, if so, which type: Type of cancer : - Treating certain types of cancer - especially breast, prostate, colon and ovarian cancers - with adjuvant therapy can be very beneficial. For other types of cancer, there might not be a benefit.

Stage of cancer : - A cancer's stage refers to the extent of the cancer. If the cancer is at a very early stage - before it has had time to spread - then the chance of cancer recurring after surgery may be very small. Adjuvant therapy may offer little benefit in this case. If cancer is at a later stage - if it is a large tumor or if the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes - then the chance that cancer will reappear sometime in the future is much greater. Adjuvant therapy may be more beneficial in this case.

Number of lymph nodes involved. The larger the number of lymph nodes involved, the greater the chance that cancer cells will be left behind after local therapy, such as surgery.

Hormone receptivity : - Hormone therapy won't be effective if your tumor is not hormonally sensitive.

Other cancer-specific changes. Certain cancers may have specific changes within their cells that indicate they are particularly sensitive to adjuvant therapy. Your doctor may request special testing of your cancer cells to determine if adjuvant therapy would be beneficial.

Receiving adjuvant therapy doesn't guarantee your cancer won't recur. It can, however, help reduce the risk that your cancer will come back.

Is adjuvant therapy for you ?

As you're deciding whether adjuvant therapy is right for you, you might want to discuss the following issues with your doctor: What procedures are you considering? Find out exactly what will be expected of you during adjuvant therapy. Will you have to see your doctor for injections or will you take pills at home?

What are the side effects? What side effects are you willing to live with? Which ones will be too much for you to tolerate? Do you plan to work or stay active during treatment? Could side effects interfere with your plans?

What are the chances you'll stay cancer-free? Understand how likely it is that your cancer will return if you decide against further therapy and how much improvement you might experience if you do undergo additional therapy. Your doctor can estimate how well your treatment will work based on comparisons with data accumulated from studies of other people with your same type of cancer, at the same stage and given the same treatment. Remember that this is only a prediction.

Together you and your doctor can weigh these factors and decide whether the benefits of adjuvant therapy outweigh the risks for you.

The list of of world class Cancer hospitals in India is as follows : -

Apollo Hospital, Chennai, India

Apollo Specialty Hospital, Chennai, India

Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore, India

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, India

Fortis Hospital, Noida, India

Narayana Cancer Hospital, Bangalore, India

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon ( Delhi ) , India

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